He attributed his failure as a composer to his lack of a "personal voice". A CBC profile noted, "sometime between two and three every morning, Gould would go to Fran's, a 24-hour diner a block away from his Toronto apartment, sit in the same booth, and order the same meal of scrambled eggs. Glenn Gould - Music In The USSR, Prokofieff: Introduction (OFFICIAL) Glenn Gould - Prokofieff, Piano Sonata No. Játékában egyesült az a technikai tudás és zenei érzékenység, amely lehetővé tette, hogy különleges tolmácsa legyen Johann Sebastian Bach összetett, polifonikus zenéjének. Glenn Gould Hébert Gould est né le 25 septembre 1932 à Toronto, d’une mère pianiste et d’un père violoniste. Expédié et vendu par Amazon. Gould was a teetotaller and did not smoke. , The issue of "authenticity" in relation to an approach like Gould's has been a topic of great debate, although diminished by the end of the 20th century. , Gould's uncle was Donald Marshall Jr., whose wrongful conviction for murder occurred the day before Gould's birth: Gould's pregnant mother was so shocked by the verdict that she went into labour with him. Gould was widely known for his unusual habits. The purpose of art is not the release of a momentary ejection of adrenaline but is, rather, the gradual, lifelong construction of a state of wonder and serenity.". Glenn Gould est une figure mythique du piano classique, notamment parce qu’il s’est retiré de la scène en 1964 pour se consacrer exclusivement au travail en studio et à la diffusion de son art par le disque, la radio ou la télévision. Claude Rains narrated their recording of Strauss's Enoch Arden melodrama. It's getting worse all the time. Gould resumed performing in 1994, and has subsequently appeared in many Canadian television programs, including Cashing In, Blackstone, North of 60, Cardinal and Tribal, and films, including The Colony, File Under Miscellaneous, Rhymes for Young Ghouls, North Mountain, Monkey Beach and Girl.  In 1983, he was honoured posthumously, being inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for his 1955 recording (released in 1956) of the Goldberg Variations.. Glenn Gould: Concert Dropouts - In Conversation with John McClure. He transcribed his own Wagner and Ravel recordings, as well as the operas of Richard Strauss and the symphonies of Schubert and Bruckner, which he played privately for pleasure. III (Beethoven) Tolbert Jaime. On August 25, 2012, the spacecraft became the first to cross the heliopause and enter the interstellar medium..  Some of Gould's recordings were severely criticised because of this background "vocalising". Glenn Herbert Gould[fn 1][fn 2] (/ɡuːld/; 25 September 1932 – 4 October 1982) was a Canadian classical pianist. Glenn Herbert Gould was born Glen Gold on September 25, 1932, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 1. One is a live recording from 1954, The Schubert can be seen briefly in the film, Glenn Gould: Selected Letters (John P. L. Roberts, Ghyslaine Guertin), 1992, Elliott, R. "Constructions of Identity in the Life Stories of Emma Albani and Glenn Gould. En ce moment . Il n’a pas fait attention à lui et il meurt à 50 ans.  The majority of his work is published by Schott Music. 67, was deemed an "outright fiasco". Europe 1. This is especially evident in his (frequent) attempts at humour and irony. He set forth this doctrine, only half in jest, in "GPAADAK", the Gould Plan for the Abolition of Applause and Demonstrations of All Kinds. A son père il doit la construction d’une chaise spéciale, pliante et fort basse, qu’il conservera avec lui toute sa vie, au désespoir des ingénieurs de la Columbia : l’âge venant, elle se mit à grincer au-delà de ce qui est suppor…  His extremely low position at the instrument permitted him more control over the keyboard. [fn 19].  He expounded his criticism and philosophy of music and art in lectures, convocation speeches, periodicals, and in radio and television documentaries for the CBC. Glen Gould (born June 6, 1971) is an Aboriginal Canadian actor, director and producer of Mi'kmaq and Italian descent. He may have spoken ironically about his practising as there is evidence that, on occasion, he did practise quite hard, sometimes using his own drills and techniques.  Gould became closely associated with the piece, playing it in full or in part at many recitals. Gould was known for his eccentricities, from his unorthodox musical interpretations and mannerisms at the keyboard to aspects of his lifestyle and behaviour. The temperature of the recording studio had to be precisely regulated. The 1955 interpretation is highly energetic and often frenetic; the later is slower and more deliberate—Gould wanted to treat the aria and its 30 variations as a cohesive whole. Glenn Gould : petites manies d’un grand génie - Julie Depardieu. His mother was a great-grand niece of Edvard Grieg. 30, selections from Bach's The Art of Fugue, and Paul Hindemith's Piano Sonata No. Bien que décrit par certains comme un ermite et reclus, d’autres ont fait valoir que Gould a vécu une existence solitaire, mais lui-même partagé avec d’autres à travers ses compositions. Glenn Herbert Gould was born at home in Toronto, on 25 September 1932, to Russell Herbert Gold (1901–1996) and Florence Emma Gold (née Grieg; 1891–1975), Presbyterians of Scottish, English, and Norwegian ancestry. His television collaboration with American violinist Yehudi Menuhin in 1965, in which they played works by Bach, Beethoven and Schoenberg, was called a success by Stegemann (1993b) because "Menuhin was ready to embrace the new perspectives opened up by an unorthodox view". It tends to have a mechanism which is rather like an automobile without power steering: you are in control and not it; it doesn't drive you, you drive it. He directed the following programs on Gould: Glenn Gould, the Alchemist (1974), Glenn Gould Plays Bach (1981), Glenn Gould Hereafter (2005). The documentary filmmaker Bruno Monsaingeon said of him, "No supreme pianist has ever given of his heart and mind so overwhelmingly while showing himself so sparingly. He was a prolific contributor to musical journals, in which he discussed music theory and outlined his musical philosophy. (Il ne s'est jamais marié.) Mark Kingwell summarizes the paradox, never resolved by Gould nor his biographers, this way: He was progressive and anti-progressive at once, and likewise at once both a critic of the Zeitgeist and its most interesting expression. See more » Getting Started | Contributor Zone » …  François Girard's Genie Award winning 1993 film, Thirty Two Short Films About Glenn Gould includes documentary interviews with people who knew him, dramatizations of scenes from Gould's life, and fanciful segments including an animation set to music. Glenn Gould n’aimait-il pas le son du piano ou vomissait-il les clichés rattachés à cet instrument ?  He used this famous chair for the rest of his life and took it with him almost everywhere. Compare the 1970 version from the "Complete Piano Sonatas" set (played first) and the 1958 interpretation (second). 1:04. Glenn Gould, une vie à contre temps est une très belle réussite qui séduira bien au-delà des aficionados du pianiste. 7:16. She purchased a house near Gould's 110 St. Clair Avenue West apartment.  His pianism had great clarity and erudition, particularly in contrapuntal passages, and extraordinary control.  He had to sit exactly fourteen inches above the floor, and would play concerts only while sitting on the old chair his father had made. Yaniss Lespert (Fais pas ci, fais pas ça) en couple avec Bétina, sublime mannequin. In 1983, Gould was posthumously inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame. In 1970, the government of Canada offered him the Companion of the Order of Canada, but he declined, believing himself to be too young. This is the secret of doing Bach on the piano at all.  Gould's interest in the piano was concomitant with an interest in composition. As a teenager, Gould had written chamber music and piano works in the style of the Second Viennese school. (Gould rarely shook people's hands, and habitually wore gloves. The piano had to be set at a certain height and would be raised on wooden blocks if necessary. Gould showed considerable technical skill in performing and recording a wide repertoire including virtuosic and romantic works, such as his own arrangement of Ravel's La valse, and Liszt's transcriptions of Beethoven's Fifth and Sixth Symphonies. As for Beethoven, Gould preferred the composer's early and late periods. He argued that public performance devolved into a sort of competition, with a non-empathetic audience (musically and otherwise) mostly attendant to the possibility of the performer erring or not meeting critical expectation. As a teenager, Gould was significantly influenced by Artur Schnabel,[fn 10] Rosalyn Tureck's recordings of Bach (which he called "upright, with a sense of repose and positiveness"), and the conductor Leopold Stokowski. Gould's mother would urge the young Gould to sit up straight at the keyboard. In langen Gespräche mit Bruno Monseingnon entfaltet Glenn Gould seine Welt-Anschauung. Born 6 June 1971 (age 49) Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada Career. 1) was met with mixed reaction: the Christian Science Monitor and Saturday Review were quite laudatory, while the Montreal Star was less so. He recorded all five of Beethoven's piano concertos, 23 of the 32 piano sonatas, and numerous bagatelles and variations.  He recorded most of Bach's other keyboard works, including both books of The Well-Tempered Clavier and the Partitas, French Suites, English Suites, Inventions and Sinfonias, keyboard concertos, and a number of toccatas (which interested him least, being less polyphonic). Lourdes Mcmillan . Glenn Gould - Beethoven, Piano Sonata No. " His childhood home has been named a historic site. He had earlier directed Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. Chronique d'un professeur de piano. According to another of Gould's biographers, Otto Friedrich, the air-conditioning engineer had to work just as hard as the recording engineers.. France musique. https://www.journaldemontreal.com/2015/05/15/glenn-gould-le-poete Fais pas ci, fais pas ça. When presented with a piano, the young Gould was reported to strike single notes and listen to their long decay, a practice his father Bert noted was different from typical children. https://www.signesetsens.com/psycho-biographie-glenn-gould-pianiste.html Sudinfo. At the age of six, he was taken for the first time to hear a live musical performance by a celebrated soloist. [fn 9], He stated that he did not understand the requirement of other pianists to continuously reinforce their relationship with the instrument by practising many hours a day. It is likely that this habit originated in his having been taught by his mother to "sing everything that he played", as his biographer Kevin Bazzana puts it. He performed on television and radio, and produced three musique concrète radio documentaries called the Solitude Trilogy, about isolated areas of Canada. Between 2016 and 2020, he played the role of detective Jerry Commanda on the television series Cardinal.  While offering "brilliant insights" and "provocative theses", Gould's writing is often marred by "long, tortuous sentences" and a "false formality", Bazzana writes.. Glenn Gould gardera cette chaise, même usée, en concert et au studio, car elle permet selon lui d’obtenir une plus grande précision ainsi qu’une meilleur clarté de son. Both his parents were musical, and his mother, especially, encouraged the infant Gould's early musical development.  One year later he had passed the written theory exams, qualifying for an Associate of the Toronto Conservatory of Music (ATCM) diploma. Glenn gould vie privée Et c’est heureux l’image du reclus écorne aussi et c’est on television inestimable des dans lesquels gould apparaît le plus souvent seul dans ces programmes gould joue en duo avec.  , The Grammys are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Gould considered that ‘there’s never been anything more beautiful in all of music than the monumental and unfinished Contrapunctus XIV. Gould's playing was distinguished by a remarkable technical proficiency and a capacity to articulate the contrapuntal texture of Bach's music.  In his later years he claimed to be vegetarian, but his private notepads reveal that he ate chicken, Dover sole, roast beef and veal. New CTV series features Membertou actor Glen Gould, https://www.theloop.ca/glen-gould-reflects-on-playing-a-detective-in-cardinal/, Actor Glen Gould kicks off Aboriginal Film Festival, Native actor Glen Gould’s left hook has a distinguished pedigree, Jennifer Podemski, Jessica Matten Board 'Blackstone' for Fourth Season, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glen_Gould&oldid=984226154, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 23:08. Glenn Gould,une vie à contretemps est une bande dessinée biographique de Sandrine Revel.,Cette œuvre nous a plu. (SATB with piano or string-quartet accompaniment).  The diagnosis was first suggested by psychiatrist Peter Ostwald, a friend of Gould's, in the 1997 book Glenn Gould: The Ecstasy and Tragedy of Genius. グレングールド バッハ Glenn Gould Bach:The Well Tempered Clavier-BWV 888 . , He worked with numerous vocalists to record Schoenberg, Hindemith, and Ernst Krenek, including Donald Gramm and Ellen Faull.  On 31 January 1960, Gould made his American television debut on CBS's Ford Presents series, performing Bach's Keyboard Concerto No.  In 1956, Gould said to photojournalist Jock Carroll "... my hysteria about eating. Thomas Bernhard's renowned 1983 novel The Loser purports to be an extended first-person essay about Gould and his lifelong friendship with two fellow students from the Mozarteum school in Salzburg, both of whom have abandoned their careers as concert pianists due to the intimidating example of Gould's genius. BuzzBuzzNews. Il protégeait jalousement sa vie privée, refusait toute forme d'apparition publique et quittait rarement Toro… Glenn Gould, né le 25 septembre 1932 à Toronto au Canada et mort le 4 octobre 1982 dans la même ville, est un pianiste, compositeur, écrivain, homme de radio et réalisateur canadien .Il est connu pour ses interprétations pianistiques du répertoire baroque, en particulier pour deux enregistrements des Variations Goldberg de Jean-Sébastien Bach (1955 et 1981). Gould menait une vie modeste en solitaire. George Szell, who led Gould in 1957 with the Cleveland Orchestra, remarked to his assistant, "That nut's a genius. Il avait un caractère très particulier. Glenn Gould a eu la vie d’un créateur. Gould recorded several Handel suites and a few pieces from J.S. , On 27 September 1982, two days after his 50th birthday, after experiencing a severe headache, Gould suffered a stroke that paralyzed the left side of his body. Glen Gould. Spring 1964. Si vous n'êtes pas à l'aise avec l'utilisation de ces informations, veuillez revoir vos paramètres avant de poursuivre votre visite. 27:27. Gould felt strongly that there was little point in re-recording centuries-old pieces if the performer had no new perspective to bring to the work. En France on le connaît bien mais il n’est jamais venu. Après plusieurs concerts au Canada, Glenn Gould donne, en 1955, son premier récital américain à la Town Hall de New York . " Bernstein created a stir at the concert of April 6, 1962 when, just before the New York Philharmonic was to perform the Brahms Piano Concerto No. Tout savoir sur Joe Biden, le 46e président des … Gould also collaborated with members of the New York Philharmonic, the flautist Julius Baker and the violinist Rafael Druian in a recording of Johann Sebastian Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. A sa mère Florence il doit d’avoir appris le piano et la musique avant la lecture et l’écriture (la légende veut qu’il ait su lire la musique à l’âge de trois ans, ce qui est sans doute exact). Gould left an extensive body of work beyond the keyboard.  He was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto in 1998, and designated a National Historic Person in 2012.  The chair was designed so that Gould could sit very low at the keyboard, and allowed him to pull down on the keys rather than striking them from above, a central technical idea of his teacher at the Conservatory, Alberto Guerrero. L'album est agrémenté d'une discographie remarquablement commentée. Between 2016 and 2020, he played the role of detective Jerry Commanda on the television series Cardinal. 7 in B-flat min: I Allegro inquieto. Thread Navigation. The success of Gould's collaborations was to a degree dependent upon his collaborators' receptiveness to his sometimes unconventional readings of the music. Gould began by improvising something Straussian—we thought he was simply warming up, but no, he continued to play like that throughout the actual recordings, as though Strauss's notes were just a pretext that allowed him to improvise freely. His last recording as a conductor was of Wagner's Siegfried Idyll in its original chamber-music scoring. The only thing I can really remember is that, when I was being brought home in a car, I was in that wonderful state of half-awakeness in which you hear all sorts of incredible sounds going through your mind. Christian Prudhomme. The Conservatory received its. Thirty Two Short Films About Glenn Gould is a 1993 Canadian biographical anthology film about the pianist Glenn Gould, played by Colm Feore.It was directed by François Girard, with a screenplay by Girard and Don McKellar.. Although Gould was known chiefly as a pianist, he capped off his musical career with a recording of Wagner's Siegfried Idyll as conductor. As early as two weeks after leaving her husband, Foss noticed disturbing signs in Gould, alluding to unusual behaviour that was more than "just neurotic". Glenn Gould - Moonlight Sonata pt. Quels étaient ses goûts en musique et est-il resté fidèle à une morale en la matière ? He is buried next to his parents in Toronto's Mount Pleasant Cemetery (section 38, row 1088, plot 1050). According to Foss, "There were a lot of misconceptions about Glenn, and it was partly because he was so very private. He founded the Festival Trio chamber group in 1953 with the cellist Isaac Mamott and the violinist Albert Pratz. During Gould's 1957 concert performances in Moscow. Glenn Gould plays Bach : Variations Goldberg : Variation 16 - Ouverture. Des conversations intimes avec les plus grands artistes classiques, des moments d’une rare intensité, délicats et sensibles : Olivier Bellamy présente une nouvelle formule de Passion Classique. En ce moment. Glenn Gould , un livre d’une virtuosité poignante. On a visit to Steinway Hall in New York City in 1959, Gould was greeted by the chief piano technician at the time, William Hupfer, with a slap on the back. , One piece of evidence arrived in 2007. When Gould was in Los Angeles in 1956, he met Cornelia Foss, an art instructor, and her husband Lukas, a conductor. It wasn't easy for me. , Gould's grandfather was Donald Marshall Sr.. It was, I think, his last performance in Toronto, and it was a staggering impression. En la considérant ainsi comme langage formel, son interprétation peut parler des vérités universelles » et être source de révélation dionysiaque. The live radio broadcast was subsequently released on CD, Bernstein's disclaimer included. Gould likened his process to that of a film director—one does not perceive that a two-hour film was made in two hours—and implicitly asks why the act of listening to music should be any different. While the test was hardly scientific, Gould remarked, "The tape does lie, and nearly always gets away with it".. Eloi Victor. Much of the homophony that followed he felt belongs to a less serious and less spiritual period of art. ... moreover, what makes us assume that the situation of the man who wrote it accurately or faithfully reflects the situation of his time? Gould also recorded Bach's six sonatas for violin and harpsichord (BWV 1014–1019) with Jaime Laredo, and the three sonatas for viola da gamba and keyboard with Leonard Rose. Gould asks why the epoch in which a work is received influences its reception as "art", postulating a sonata of his own composition that sounds so like one of Haydn's that it is received as such. Young Gould was playing with piano from the age of 3, and started regular lessons with his mother from the age of 4. )[fn 15][fn 16] The spine injury he had suffered early in life led to physicians prescribing, usually independently, an assortment of analgesics, anxiolytics, and other drugs. Although Gould's recording studio producers have testified that "he needed splicing less than most performers", Gould used the process to give himself total artistic control over the recording process. All three use a radiophonic electronic-music technique that Gould called "contrapuntal radio", in which several people are heard speaking at once—much like the voices in a fugue—manipulated through overdubbing and editing. 2 (the Urlicht section) in the 1960s. For the rest of his life, Gould eschewed live performance, focusing instead on recording, writing, and broadcasting.  Weighing this statement against Gould's highly individualistic lifestyle and artistic vision leads to an apparent contradiction. Votre artiste ou groupe préféré vient de sortir un nouvel album de musique ? You must have that immediacy of response, that control over fine definitions of things.". Conductors had mixed responses to Gould and his playing habits. C’est une star planétaire de la musique. , Gould lived a private life. He was once arrested, having possibly been mistaken for a vagrant, while sitting on a park bench in Sarasota, Florida, dressed in his standard all-climate attire of coats, hat and mittens. One of Gould's reasons for abandoning live performance was his aesthetic preference for the recording studio, where, in his words, he developed a "love affair with the microphone". 25: Intermezzo Gibbons - Lord of Salisbury Pavan Byrd - Galliard No. Gould's experience of driving across northern Ontario while listening to Top 40 radio in 1967 provided the inspiration for one of his most unusual radio pieces, The Search for Petula Clark, a witty and eloquent dissertation on the recordings of the renowned British pop singer, who was then at the peak of her international success. GLENN GOULD, ou les petits travers d'un grand pianiste : . En ce moment.  His concerts featured Bach, Beethoven, and the serial music of Schoenberg and Berg, which had been suppressed in the Soviet Union during the era of Socialist Realism. 31/2 "The Tempest" (OFFICIAL) - Duration: 27:27. He studied music theory with Leo Smith, the organ with Frederick C. Silvester, and piano with Alberto Guerrero. On 5 June 1938, at the age of five, Gould played in public for the first time, joining his family on stage to play piano at a church service at the Business Men's Bible Class in Uxbridge, Ontario, in front of a congregation of about two thousand. After his retirement from concert performance, he was increasingly interested in other media, including audio and film documentary and writing, through which he mused on aesthetics, composition, music history, and the effect of the electronic age on the consumption of media. Gould, therefore, prefers an ahistorical, or at least pre-Renaissance, view of art, minimizing the identity of the artist and the attendant historical context in evaluating the artwork: "What gives us the right to assume that in the work of art we must receive a direct communication with the historical attitudes of another period?  She would later teach him the piano. Quelques aspects de la vie de Glenn Gould. Glenn Gould - Strauss, Burleske in D minor OFFICIAL. ", One of Gould's performances of the Prelude and Fugue in C major from Book II of The Well-Tempered Clavier was chosen for inclusion on the NASA Voyager Golden Record by a committee headed by Carl Sagan. Glenn Gould n’aimait-il pas le son du piano ou vomissait-il les clichés rattachés à cet instrument ? Gould was averse to the cold, and wore heavy clothing (including gloves), even in warm places. Le réalisateur François Girard En complément : Gould plays Beethoven Emperor Concerto.  Around the same time, he injured his back as a result of a fall from a boat ramp on the shore of Lake Simcoe. This essay examines the role of photography, film, and television in constructing Glenn Gould’s identities as an artist and celebrity in the late 1950s. Glenn Herbert Gould (Toronto, 1932. szeptember 25. He also made recordings of the complete piano works Lieder by Arnold Schoenberg. He was admitted to Toronto General Hospital, and his condition rapidly deteriorated. , Whether Gould's behaviour fell within the autism spectrum has been the subject of debate. He disliked the concert hall, which he compared to a competitive sporting arena. Bazzana has speculated that Gould's increasing use of a variety of prescription medicines over his career may have had a deleterious effect on his health.  Plans for a studio recording of the performance came to nothing.  This was the beginning of Gould's long association with radio and recording. He later described the experience: It was Hofmann. [fn 20] He made recordings of piano music by Jean Sibelius (the Sonatines and Kyllikki), Georges Bizet (the Variations Chromatiques de Concert and the Premier nocturne), Richard Strauss (the Piano Sonata, the Five Pieces, and Enoch Arden with Claude Rains), and Paul Hindemith (the three piano sonatas and the sonatas for brass and piano). 0:59 "Pourquoi je vis" : TF1 en tête des audiences de ce lundi soir. Our relationship was, among other things, quite sexual." The performer had to make creative choices. Le processus artistique de Glenn Gould repose sur les liens étroits qu’il tisse avec la philosophie et la musicologie.  In 1945, at the age of thirteen, he made his first appearance with an orchestra in a performance of the first movement of Beethoven's 4th Piano Concerto with the Toronto Symphony. [fn 21].  Gould was renowned for his peculiar body movements while playing and for his insistence on absolute control over every aspect of his environment. The recording Glenn Gould: The Composer contains his original works. Alors que sa carrière est en plein essor, il arrête brusquement la musique. Gould, 1932-82, plays Contrapuncti I-IX on the organ and Contrapuncti I, II, IV, IX, XI, XIII and XIV on the piano as well as the Prelude and Fugue on the name of B.  Gould, an animal lover, left half his estate to the Toronto Humane Society; the other half went to the Salvation Army. Afficher Passion Classique, le podcast, ép Glenn Gould : Oui, c’est un excentrique ! As a baby, he reportedly hummed instead of crying and wiggled his fingers as if playing chords, leading his doctor to predict that he would "be either a physician or a pianist". The Glenn Gould Foundation was established in Toronto in 1983 to honour Gould and to keep alive his memory and life's work. 8:15. “Bach a toujours écrit des fugues” “Je ne peux pas séparer mon studio de ma vie privée. He continued to use this chair even when the seat was completely worn through. Président des États-Unis. Glenn Gould protège jalousement sa vie privée. 4, en do mineur, BWV 1017 : Siciliano. Si vous êtes fan de lecture depuis des années, découvrez sans plus tarder toutes nos offres et nos bonnes affaires exceptionnelles pour l'acquisition d'un produit Glenn Gould - Une Vie En Images. The 1981 release was one of CBS Masterworks' first digital recordings. [fn 5] This incident is almost certainly related to the adjustable-height chair his father made shortly thereafter.  His maternal grandfather was a cousin of the Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg. Glenn Gould, Soundtrack: Unbreakable. 3. 動画配信サービス. He asked the audience: "In a concerto, who is the boss – the soloist or the conductor? He was one of the best known and most celebrated pianists of the 20th century, and was renowned as an interpreter of the keyboard works of Johann Sebastian Bach.